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Historical Events - August 1
1774: British scientist Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen gas, corroborating the prior discovery of this element by German-Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele.
1876: Colorado became the 38th state of the United States.
1914: World War I – Germany declared war on Russia.
1920: Mahatma Gandhi started the Non-Cooperation Movement.
1944: World War II – An armed uprising against the Nazis erupts in the Polish capital, Warsaw.
1957: Establishment of National Book Trust, India.
1960: Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan.
2008: Eleven climbers died on K2, the second-highest peak in the world.
Famous Birthdays – August 1
10 BC: Claudius, the Roman emperor.
1882: Purushottam Das Tandon, an Indian freedom fighter.
1899: Kamala Nehru, an Indian independence activist and the wife of Jawaharlal Nehru.
1913: Bhagwan Dada, an Indian actor and film director.
1920: Annabhau Sathe, a social reformer, folk poet, and writer from Maharashtra, India.
1933: Meena Kumari, an Indian film actress, and poet.
1948: Avi Arad, CEO, and founder of Marvel Studios.
1987: Taapsee Pannu, an Indian actress.
Death Anniversaries – August 1
1137: Louis VI, King of France.
1920: Bal Gangadhar Tilak, an Indian nationalist, teacher, and independence activist.
1999: Nirad C. Chaudhuri, an Indian writer.
2008: Harkishan Singh Surjeet, an Indian Communist politician.