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Historical Events 10 August
1659: Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb executed his brother and competitor for the throne, Dara Shukoh, on religious grounds.
1675: The foundation stone of the royal observatory in Greenwich, London, is laid by King Charles II.
1741: King Marthanda Verma of Travancore defeated the Dutch East India Company at the Battle of Colachel.
1821: Missouri became the 24th state of the United States.
1846: The Smithsonian Institution for scientific research was established in Washington with a bequest from English scientist James Smithson.
1889: The screw bottle top is patented at the Hope Glass Works near Barnsley, Yorkshire England.
1913: The treaty of Bucharest is signed, ending the second Balkan War and partitioning Macedonia between Serbia, Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria.
1920: Treaty of Sevres – A treaty signed between the Allies of World War I and the Ottoman Empire.
1966: The first American moon satellite, orbit I, is launched.
1990: The Magellan space probe reached Venus.
1755: Narayan Rao, fifth Peshwa of Maratha Empire of India, born.
1810: Count Cavour (Camillo Benso), an Italian statesman who played a large role in the unification of Italy and became the first Prime Minister in the new Italy.
1874: Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande, the great Indian architect of the renaissance of Indian music, played a vital role in Reviving North Indian classical music.
1874: Hobart Hoover, 33rd President of the American Republic.
1894: V.V.Giri, 4th president of India.
1909: Richard Hughes, 45th Governor and chief justice of new jersey.
1943: Shafqat Rana, Pakistani cricketer.
1956: Perween Warsee, Indian English businesswoman.
1957: Aqeeb Abbas Jafri, a Pakistani writer, poet, and architect, and chief editor of the Urdu dictionary board in Pakistan.
1963: Phoolan Devi, Indian Bandit turns politician and Member of Parliament, popularly known as Bandit Queen.
1975: Hemant Soren, 5th chief Minister of Jharkhand, India. He belongs to Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM).
1915 Henry Moseley. English physicist who developed Moseley’s Law in the field of x-ray spectroscopy
1945 Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard, an American engineer, professor, physicist, and inventor who is considered the father of modern rocket propulsion.
1960 Oswald Veblen. . Influential mathematician who proved the Jordan Curve Theorem in 1905. He also contributed to the foundation of modern geometry and atomic physics.
1980 Yahya khan, the 3rd President of Pakistan.
1982 M. K. Vainu Bappu was an Indian astronomer and president of the International Astronomical Union.
1986 Arunkumar Shridhar Vaidya, 13th chief of Army Staff of Indian Army. Decorated twice by Mahavir Chakra– the nation’s second-highest gallantry award. He was assassinated by militants.
1992 Lieutenant General S.P.P. Thorat was a General officer in the Indian Army. He was commanding in chief in the 1962 Sino Indian war.